White Meat vs. Dark Meat
eople often think light meat is healthier than dark meat. But, honestly, you can’t go wrong with either. They both provide healthy high-quality protein and are rich in vitamins and minerals.hey are also nearly identical inhey are also nearly identical inhey are also nearly identical in
Turkeys and chickens spend a lot of time walking, so they have more slow-twitch or type 1 muscle fibers in their legs. These fibers allow for aerobic energy production. Oxygen is used in this energy system to convert carbohydrates and fat into fuel. A protein called myoglobin stores oxygen in the muscle cells and gives the meat its darker color.
Because the aerobic energy system can use fat for fuel, more fat is stored in the legs and thighs. Dark meat has a bit more and calories than white meat because of the higher fat content. Additionally, dark meat contains more iron, zinc, riboflavin, thiamine, and vitamin B-12 than white meat.
White meat is found in the breast and wings. These muscles, used for flight, use explosive force. Fast-twitch muscle fibers also called type 2 muscle fibers, support short bursts of movement. These muscles need fast energy production. The anaerobic energy system is primarily used here. It can break down carbohydrates very quickly without an abundance of oxygen.Therefore, the myoglobin content is lower, leading to a lighter color in these muscles. Light meat is also lower in fat than dark meat. Type 2 fibers make energy from carbohydrates not fat, so there isn’t a need to store a lot of fat. This is why white meat has a dryer texture than dark meat and fewer calories.
Both dark meat and light meat are healthy options. It really comes down to taste and texture preferences.